Sun Temple Modhera Gujarat
Ancient cultures worshiped the sun as a god. Even though temples have been built all over the world for the worship of the sun in one form or another, the sun temples located in many places are artistic and magnificent which become famous all over the world. This Sun Temple is located in Modhera in the Mehsana district of Gujarat.
History of Sun Temple Modhera
It is situated on the bank of the river Pushpavati. It was built after 1026-27 CE during the reign of Bhimadev Solanki I of the Chalukyas dynasty. No worship is offered now and is a protected monument maintained by the Archaeological Survey of India. The temple complex has three components: Gudhamandapa, the shrine hall; Sabhamandapa, the assembly hall and Kunda, the reservoir. The halls have intricately carved exterior and pillars. The reservoir has steps to reach the bottom and numerous small shrines
It is located in Modhera village near Becharaji in Gujarat. The ancient Sun Temple was built by King Bhimdev of the Solanki dynasty in 1026 AD. When day and night are the same, on 20th March and 21st September, the first ray of the sun and the last ray of sunset cross the idol of the Sun God placed in the sanctum sanctorum of the temple. That is the structure of this temple.
Sun Temple Modhera Time
|Saturday||7 am–6 pm|
|Sunday||7 am–6 pm|
|Monday||7 am–6 pm|
|Tuesday||7 am–7 pm|
|Wednesday||7 am–6 pm|
|Thursday||7 am–6 pm|
|Friday||7 am–6 pm|
The timings to visit Modhera Sun Temple is from 7 AM in the morning to 6 PM in the evening. If we talk about the perfect month to visit this temple, the best time would be from October – March. It is recommended to travel to Gujarat during winters when the weather is pleasant
Architecture, Artistic, Specialty, Grandeur
In the hall of the main temple is a column with artistic carvings. There are also beautiful carvings on the ceiling. In the main temple, there is a chariot of Suryanarayana. There are seven idols of Suryanarayana and Sarathi. The idol is made of gold. The womb is in the shape of a sunflower. There are 12 statues of the sun in 12 circles across the walls.
In front of the main temple is a 53 meter long and 36-meter wide tank. It is called Surya Kund. There are square steps around the tank. Geometry is strangely used in the construction of steps. Between the steps are 108 springs carved. Statues of Hindu deities are carved across the steps descending in the shape of a pyramid.
Built of stone a thousand years ago, the Sun Temple was demolished by the Mughals, but its ruins are worth seeing.
Mandovara, the wall moldings start with Kumbha, a pitcher. It has a broad undecorated band at the lower part while the middle part is decorated with oval discs. It is followed by, a pitcher. The next is broadband with chaitya-windows called followed by a similar called. These two bands are separated by a deep band. There is a thin fillet above which the major paneled face of the wall called sangha exists. These panels are decorated with figures of gods but the figures of Surya are placed prominently than others as the temple is dedicated to him. Other panels are decorated with dancers and other figures.
Modhera Dance Festival
The Tourism Corporation of Gujarat organizes an annual three-day dance festival known as ‘Uttarardha Mahotsav’ at the temple during the third week of January, following the festival of Uttarayan. The objective is to present classical dance forms in an atmosphere similar to that in which they were originally presented