The Introduced Of Indian Wildlife | Sanctuary and National park |Protection Act | Wildlife animals

Agenda Wildlife & Biodiversity

Wildlife

Wildlife traditionally refers to undomesticated animal species, but has come to include all organisms that grow or live wild in an area without being introduced by humans. Wildlife can be found in all ecosystems.

Deserts, forests, rainforests, plains, grasslands, and other areas, including the most developed urban areas, all have distinct forms of wildlife. While the term in popular culture usually refers to animals that are untouched by human factors, most scientists agree that much wildlife is affected by human activities

The Introduced Of Indian Wildlife and Sanctuary

India is home to a large variety of wildlife. It is a biodiversity hotspot with its various ecosystems ranging from the Himalayas in the north to the evergreen rain forests in the south, the desert sands of the west to the marshy mangroves of the east. India lies within the Indomalayan realm and is the home to about 7.6% of mammal, 14.7% of amphibian, 6% of bird, 6.2% of reptilian, and 6.0% of flowering plant species. India’s forest lands nurture about 500 species of mammals and 2000+ bird species.

India is one of the most biodiverse regions of the world and contains three of the world’s 36 biodiversity hotspots – the Western Ghats, the Eastern Himalayas, and the Indo-Burma hotspot. It is one of the seventeen megadiverse countries. The country has seven Natural World Heritage sites, eleven Biosphere Reserves in the World Network of Biosphere Reserves and thirty seven Ramsar Wetlands.

Wildlife of India has been harmed by loss of habitat in forest areas. This is reflected in loss of species, loss of wildlife, and also loss of habitat for wild life. Lack of water resources in many areas in India affects the ecosystem and ecosystem services provided by forests. Furthermore, large scale loss of forests, mainly due to commercial logging .

Indian Wildlife Protection Act 1972.

The Introduced Of Indian Wildlife Act 1971

The Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted for protection of plants and animal species. Before 1972, India had only five designated national parks. Among other reforms, the Act established schedules of protected plant and animal species; hunting or harvesting these species was largely outlawed. The Act provides for the protection of wild animals, birds and plants; and for matters connected therewith or ancillary or incidental thereto. It extends to the whole of India

The Green revolution – A set of policies that attempts to improve food production in India by supporting modern agriculture, which reduces poverty and over-exploitation of resources. It is an extension of the Green Revolution, which was launched in India during the 1960s.

  • Wild Life (Protection ) Amendment Act 1982
  • Wild Life (Protection ) Amendment Act 1986
  • Wild Life (Protection ) Amendment Act 1991
  • Wild Life (Protection ) Amendment Act 1993
  • Wild Life (Protection) Amendment Act 2006
  • Wild Life (Protection ) Amendment Act 2013

Protected areas: Protected areas in India include

In the period of the game, introduction of Wildlife is quite different to the changes of neighboring sport that is encouraged by the locals. While the other games may enjoy and support local communities, the introduction of the game or sport here. In case of the introduction of Wildlife it should be with all the treatment and protection

list of National park Of India

Year of Establishment        Name of National ParkState
1936Corbett National ParkUttarakhand
1955Kanha National ParkMadhya Pradesh
1955Tadoba National ParkMaharashtra
1959Madhav National ParkMadhya Pradesh
1968Bandhavgarh National ParkMadhya Pradesh
1974Kaziranga National ParkAssam
1974Bandipur National ParkKarnataka
1974Bannerghatta National ParkKarnataka
1975Gir National ParkGujarat
1975Gugamal National ParkMaharashtra
1975Navegaon National ParkMaharashtra
1975Pench National ParkMadhya Pradesh
1976Blackbuck National ParkGujarat
1976Guindy National ParkTamil Nadu
1977Keibul-Lamjao National ParkManipur
1977Khangchendzonga National ParkSikkim
1977Dudhwa National ParkUttar Pradesh
1978Eravikulam National ParkKerala
1979Vansda National ParkGujarat
1979Van Vihar National ParkMadhya Pradesh
1980Simlipal National ParkOdisha
1980Ranthambore National ParkRajasthan
1980Gulf of Mannar Marine National ParkTamil Nadu
1981Guru Ghasidas (Sanjay) National ParkChhattisgarh
1981Dachigam National ParkJammu & Kashmir
1981Hemis National ParkJammu & Kashmir
1981Kishtwar National ParkJammu & Kashmir
1981Panna National ParkMadhya Pradesh
1981Sanjay National ParkMadhya Pradesh
1981Satpura National ParkMadhya Pradesh
1981Keoladeo Ghana National ParkRajasthan
1982Indravati National ParkChhattisgarh
1982Kanger Valley National ParkChhattisgarh
1982Marine National ParkGujarat
1982Periyar National ParkKerala
1982Nanda Devi National ParkUttarakhand
1982Valley of Flowers National ParkUttarakhand
1983Mahatma Gandhi Marine National ParkAndaman & Nicobar Islands
1983Namdapha National ParkArunachal Pradesh
1983Fossil National ParkMadhya Pradesh
1983Sanjay Gandhi National ParkMaharashtra
1983Rajaji National ParkUttarakhand
1984Great Himalayan National ParkHimachal Pradesh
1984Silent Valley National ParkKerala
1984Sunderban National ParkWest Bengal
1985Balpakram National ParkMeghalaya
1986Mouling National ParkArunachal Pradesh
1986Betla National ParkJharkhand
1986Nokrek Ridge National ParkMeghalaya
1986Neora Valley National ParkWest Bengal
1986Singalila National ParkWest Bengal
1987Middle Button Island National ParkAndaman & Nicobar Islands
1987Mount Harriet National ParkAndaman & Nicobar Islands
1987North Button Island National ParkAndaman & Nicobar Islands
1987Saddle Peak National ParkAndaman & Nicobar Islands
1987South Button Island National ParkAndaman & Nicobar Islands
1987Pin Valley National ParkHimachal Pradesh
1987Anshi National ParkKarnataka
1987Kudremukh National ParkKarnataka
1988Nagarahole (Rajiv Gandhi) National ParkKarnataka
1988Bhitarkanika National ParkOdisha
1989Sri Venkateswara National ParkAndhra Pradesh
1989Valmiki National ParkBihar
1989Sultan National ParkHaryana
1989Indira Gandhi (Annamalai) National ParkTamil Nadu
1989Gangotri National ParkUttarakhand
1990Manas National ParkAssam
1990Mudumalai National ParkTamil Nadu
1990Mukurthi National ParkTamil Nadu
1990Govind National ParkUttarakhand
1991Murlen National ParkMizoram
1992Campbell Bay National ParkAndaman & Nicobar Islands
1992Galathea Bay National ParkAndaman & Nicobar Islands
1992Mollem National ParkGoa
1992City Forest (Salim Ali) National ParkJammu & Kashmir
1992Phawngpui Blue Mountain National ParkMizoram
1992Desert National ParkRajasthan
1992Sariska National ParkRajasthan
1992Buxa National ParkWest Bengal
1992Gorumara National ParkWest Bengal
1993Intanki National ParkNagaland
1994Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National ParkTelangana
1994Mahaveer Harina Vanasthali National ParkTelangana
1994Mrugavani National ParkTelangana
1996Rani Jhansi Marine National ParkAndaman & Nicobar Islands
1998Nameri National ParkAssam
1999Dibru-Saikhowa National ParkAssam
1999Rajiv Gandhi Orang National ParkAssam
2003Kalesar National ParkHaryana
2003Anamudi Shola National ParkKerala
2003Mathikettan Shola National ParkKerala
2003Pampadum Shola National ParkKerala
2004Chandoli National ParkMaharashtra
2005Rajiv Gandhi (Rameswaram) National ParkAndhra Pradesh
2006Mukundra Hills National ParkRajasthan
2007Clouded Leopard National ParkTripura
2007Bison National ParkTripura
2008Papikonda National ParkAndhra Pradesh
2010Inderkilla National ParkHimachal Pradesh
2010Khirganga National ParkHimachal Pradesh
2010Simbalbara National ParkHimachal Pradesh
2014Jaldapara National ParkWest Bengal
list of list of National park Of India

list of Sanctuary Of India

S.No. State/territoriesTotal number of  Wildlife SanctuariesTotal area(In sq.km.)
1Andhra Pradesh138008.49
2Arunachal Pradesh117487.75
3Assam181840.14
4Bihar122901.68
5Chhattisgarh113760.28
6Goa6647.91
7Gujarat2316574.42
8Haryana8233.21
9Himachal Pradesh286116.10
10Jammu &Kashmir1510243.11
11Jharkhand111955.81
12Karnataka306774.81
13Kerala171928.24
14Madhya Pradesh257958.40
15Maharashtra427604.44
16Manipur2184.81
17Meghalaya494.10
18Mizoram81090.75
19Nagaland320.33
20Odisha196969.15
21Punjab13326.6
22Rajasthan255379.26
23Sikkim7399.10
24Tamil Nadu296157.12
25Tripura4566.93
26Uttar Pradesh255828.36
27Uttarakhand72690.05
28West Bengal151442.12
29Telangana97077.72
30Andaman and Nicobar Islands96389.39
31Chandigarh226.01
32Dadar & NagarHaweli192.16
33Lakshadweep12.18
34Daman & Diu127.82
35Delhi1.01
36Pondicherry13.90
http://natureconservation.in/state-wise-list-of-wildlife-sanctuaries-of-india-updated/

Wildlife Animals in India

  • Bengal Tiger. Name – Panthera tigris
  • Indian Elephant.
  • Indian Rhinoceros.
  • Asiatic Lion.
  • Indian Leopard.
  • Sloth Bear.
  • Wild Water Buffalo.
  • Ghudkhur – Indian Wild Ass
  • Antelope
  • Arctic wolf
  • Badger
  • Bald eagle
  • Porcupine
  • Bat
  • Bear
  • Camel
  • Chimpanzee
  • Coyote
  • Deer
  • Elephant
  • Elk
  • Fox
  • Giraffe
  • Gorilla
  • Hare
  • Hedgehog
  • Hippopotamus
  • Kangaroo
  • Koala
  • Leopard
  • Lion
  • Lizard
  • Mole
  • Monkey
  • Otter
  • Owl
  • Panda
  • Rabbit
  • Rhinoceros
  • Raccoon
  • Rat
  • Bison
  • Reindeer
  • Squirrel
  • Tiger
  • Walrus
  • Wolf
  • Woodpecker
  • Zebra
  • Wombat
  • Red panda
  • Possum
  • Chipmunk
  • Porcupine

Where do wild animals live in India?

  • verdant grasslands
  • luscious tropical jungles
  • forests,
  • dense wetlands
  • arid deserts

Wildlife conservation in India

Conservation. As of 2020-21, there are 981 protected areas including 104 National Parks, 566 Wildlife Sanctuaries, 97 Conservation Reserves and 214 Community Reserves. In addition there are 51 Tiger Reserves, 18 Biosphere Reserves and 32 Elephant Reserves.

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