Electric Vehicle |Electric Mobility and Low carbon Passenger road transports in India

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Friends Hello and Welcome to India Forums. You know. Today’s big question is that climate change and global warming is a threat to the environment due to excess of carbon. Vehicles are the biggest reason for polluting the environment. Electric Vehicle , Electric Mobility and Low carbon Passenger road transports in India

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What is Electric Vehicle

Electric Vehicle We use electric motor instead of petrol and diesel. working principle of electric vehicle -Power is converted from the DC battery to AC for the electric motor. The accelerator pedal sends a signal to the controller which adjusts the vehicle’s speed by changing the frequency of the AC power from the inverter to the motor. The motor connects and turns the wheels through a cog.

Electric Mobility and Low carbon Passenger road transports in India

With one of the lowest motorization rates in the world (22 cars per 1,000 people2), India is among the fastest
growing countries in transportation sector. From 2011 to 2020, India’s domestic vehicle sale (2W, 3W, Passenger Vehicle, Commercial Vehicle) has grown at ~4% CAGR. With rising income and rapid urbanization, the Indian mobility market is expected to expand rapidly.

Transportation, however, has contributed significantly in India’s overall GHG emission. During year 2016, transport sector contributed to 270.6 MT CO2e of GHG emission3 third highest, only after power industry and industrial combustion. Within transportation, road transport has been the highest contributor to the GHG emission4 With the rising transport industry, India is also facing intense emission challenges.

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  • India was ranked 5th in world’s most polluted countries in 2019
  • 6 of the world’s 10 most polluted cities were in India in 2019

LCPRT and e-mobility: India’s solution for sustainable growth of transportation sector

As India is experiencing acute challenges in controlling its carbon missions, the country expects the emission level to grow even further as its transport industry is expanding. To tackle the emission from the transport industry, India is moving towards “zero or low carbon emission” transportation model by promoting the use of alternative fuel vehicles and Electric Vehicles (EVs).

State Government Electric Vehicle Initiatives

Several states have also notified their EV policies aimed at promoting manufacturing and increasing demand of electric vehicles in their respective states. Karnataka was the first state to release its EV policy. Till date, a total of eleven states have notified their EV policies viz. Delhi, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, and Gujarat. Gujarat became the country’s super state 2021

Recommendations for uptake of electric mobility in India

  • National / State level policy should be formulated for incentivizing Distribution Utilities on investing in development of EV charging infrastructure
  • In line of international case-studies, a Charge-ready infrastructure programme to be launched mandating Discoms to spearhead the development of charging infrastructure by leveraging their technical capabilities, international case studies shall be capitalized to align Discom role in charging infrastructure ecosystem
  • Electricity Regulator to be mandated to provide mechanism for approval for Rate-basing of utility investments in building EV charging infrastructure
  • Electricity Regulator should design and implement TOU tariffs for EV charging
  • Technical standards for charging equipment in the case of Managed charging should be designed and approved
  • Designing electricity market structures for participation of EVs. Electricity regulators shall be mandated to devise mechanism for allowing charging infra developer in demand response market.
  • Policy consideration to be deliberated for workers in ICE Auto Ancillary industry (primary mechanical) to skill them suitably for working in EV auto ancillary industry (primary electrical and electronics)
  • Standardization of battery should be done to enable battery swapping a plausible business model catering primarily to commercial vehicle
  • Financial Institutions should be encouraged to extend their lending facility to electric mobility sector.
  • Existing scheme/policies designed for promoting electric mobility needs to be fine-tuned, based on the scheme/policy performance and market expectations. For examples, riders are availing subsides could be re-examined.


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These sources are based on NITI Aayog Commission’s Electric Mobility and Low Carbon Passenger Road Transport reports from India and data from the state government’s e-vehicle policies.

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